Research Center of Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials Includes two main departments, namely:
1-Department of Advanced Materials
This Department features many Scientific and research activities through the preparations of nanomaterials, measurements and testing the produced materials which will be applied in many areas and scientific activities, including:
The research teams in this activity work to develop the non-conventional energy sources via employing nanomaterials in the manufacturing processes. Scientific researches in this field Include the development of solar cells, wind power, thermoelectric materials and manufacturing high energy storage batteries as well as other researches for the manufacture of thermal insulation and efficient superconducting materials, optical sensors and optical emitters.
These research groups work on in the development of optical sensors that are able to detect gases and toxic vapors and hazardous chemicals based on the interaction of chemical materials with sensor also can be used as a piezoelectric crystal in the sensing of conventional detectors in different areas, for example, analysis of agricultural, horticultural and veterinary; water and microbial contamination; clinical diagnosis and medical applications and dynamic analysis industrial gases and liquids; mining and toxic gases and explosives and military arena, and flavors, extracts and pheromones. As an example of the piezoelectric bio probe that can be used to monitor the level of pollution in the environment, including land, air and water. The sensor can also be placed for the biological monitoring of water quality through tests for contaminants and residues of chemicals, pesticides, herbicides, toxins and microbes in the water tanks.
In the area petroleum industry, the research teams are working on the development of nanoscale catalysts in applications of oil refineries as isomerization to produce fuel with high specifications. As well as the evolution of efficiency of lubrication oils for engines which operate on diesel fuel and gasoline. Moreover, the teams work on the development and production of excavators for oil wells with high specifications using nanotechnology techniques which work in the development of nano-sensors that are able to detect gases.
The center includes specialized teams in the field of corrosion protection equipments, tanks, transported pipes of oil and gas using the nanotechnology techniques, as well as using protection and advanced coating methods. On the other hand, the center specializes to conduct all engineering tests for manufactured materials and raw materials to determine their suitability for various engineering applications.
The center contains a set of computers and special software packages to perform the stimulation and mathematical analysis.
2-Department of biomedical nanotechnology
This department is concerned, which is an important branch of the of nanotechnology branches, that deals with the application of biological and biochemical biomedical. The medical applications represent the modern applications of nanotechnology among the other applications due to its direct association with the lives and health of the human being. A lot of medical applications related to the diagnosis of specific high efficiency treatment as well as a lot of applications in the field of health care, and the most devastating diseases to humans, such as cancer.
Due to the large scientific developments in the field of medicine, the applications of nanotechnology on living organisms have become a target for many international universities and research centers to deal with. So the introduction of this section was to employ nanotechnology applications in biotechnology and medical. The research team is working on the many activities, such as:
The scientific groups specialized to do applied research of interests to hospitals and medical research centers in order to solve the dilemmas techniques in the treatment of some incurable diseases. These groups manufacture nano-sensors for locating the defect in the body's organs and to provide alternatives biome that are matching the properties of living tissue from nanomaterials which are prepared at the center for these uses. They also are using nanomaterials as alternatives to antibiotics and doing applied research that aims to determine the environmental effects of nanomaterials and the study of the therapeutic effect or toxicity for different types of nanoparticles on laboratory animals to determine the health safety when applied to humans.
The team work on employing nanomaterials in the form of plankton or powders are delivered or loaded into the cells through the recruitment of proteins and nucleic acids. where, uses of the carbon nanotubes and carbon-nanoparticles balls (buckyballs) which are a ultrafine structures that deliver the drug not only for diseased tissue, but the infected cells and with great precision, any that penetrate the medication improves dramatically, They are also useful in reducing the side effects of the drug because they deal directly with the diseased cells only and thus less side effects, which may occur from the arrival of the drug to undertake other were not intended to treat.